What is BOTULISM?
Botulism is a muscle-paralyzing disease caused by a toxin made by Clostridium botulinum.
- A person who ingests C. botulinum as foodborne toxin will become ill within a few hours or up to a few days.
- A small number of infants are susceptible to infant botulism when C. botulinum in their intestinal tract.
- Wound botyulis occurs when wounds are infected with C. botulinum.
With foodborne botulism, symptoms begin within 6 hours to 2 weeks (most commonly between 12 and 36 hours) after eating toxin-containing food. Symptoms of botulism include double vision, blurred vision, drooping eyelids, slurred speech, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, muscle weakness that always descends through the body: first shoulders are affected, then upper arms, lower arms, thighs, calves, etc. Paralysis of breathing muscles can cause a person to stop breathing and die, unless assistance with breathing (mechanical ventilation) is provided.
Botulism is not spread from one person to another. Foodborne botulism can occur in all age groups.
A supply of antitoxin against botulism is maintained by CDC. The antitoxin is effective in reducing the severity of symptoms if administered early in the course of the disease. Most patients eventually recover after weeks to months of supportive care.
Source: Centers for Disease Control
Get more information on BOTULISM from the Centers for Disease Control.