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You are here: Home » eGM Resources » Health Information & Resources Portal|Home » RX Drug List (listed alphabetically) » Drug Reference (L's) » Lithium Carbonate



Lithium toxicity is closely related to serum lithium levels, and can occur at doses close to therapeutic levels. Facilities for prompt and accurate serum lithium determinations should be available before initiating therapy (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

Lithium carbonate is a white, light alkaline powder with molecular formula Li2CO3 and molecular weight 73.89. Lithium is an element of the alkali-metal group with atomic number 3, atomic weight 6.94 and an emission line at 671 nm on the flame photometer.

Eskalith Capsules: Each capsule, with opaque gray cap and opaque yellow body, is imprinted with the product nameESKALITH and SKF and contains lithium carbonate, 300 mg. Inactive ingredients consist of benzyl alcohol, cetylpyridinium chloride, D&C Yellow No. 10, FD&C Green No. 3, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 6, gelatin, lactose, magnesium stearate, povidone, sodium lauryl sulfate, titanium dioxide and trace amounts of other inactive ingredients.

Eskalith Controlled Release Tablets: Each round, buff, scored tablet contains lithium carbonate, 450 mg. Inactive ingredients consist of alginic acid, gelatin, iron oxide, magnesium stearate and sodium starch glycolate.

Lithobid Tablets: 300 mg lithium carbonate Inactive Ingredients: Calcium stearate, carnauba wax, cellulose compounds, FD&C Blue No.2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Yellow No. 6 Aluminum Lake, povidone, propylene glycol, sodium chloride, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium starch glycolate, sorbitol, and titanium dioxide.

Lithium carbonate controlled release tablets 450 mg are designed to release a portion of the dose initially and the remainder gradually; the release pattern of the controlled release tablets reduces the variability in lithium blood levels seen with the immediate release dosage forms.


CATEGORIES: Affective Disorder, Bipolar; Bipolar Disorder; Depression; Mania; FDA Approved 1970 Apr; WHO Formulary

FDA Drug Class: Antipsychotics/Antimanics

BRAND NAMES: Calith; Camcolit; Carbolit; Carbolith; Ceglution; Ceglution 300; Duralith; Eskalith; Eskalith-Cr; Hypnorex; Hynorex Retard; Hyponrex; Lentolith; Licab; Licarb; Licarbium; Lidin; Lilipin; Lilitin; Limas; Liskonum; Lithan; Lithane; Litheum; Litheum 300; Lithicarb; Lithionate; Lithizine; Lithobid; Lithocarb; Lithocap; Lithonate; Lithosun SR; Lithotabs; Lithuril; Litilent; Manialit; Maniprex; Phanate; Phasal; Plenur; Priadel; Priadel Retard; Quilonium-R; Quilonorm Retardtabletten; Quilonum Retard; Teralithe; Theralite; Theralite 300
(Foreign brand names outside U.S. in italics)

COST OF THERAPY: $14.17 (Depression; Capsule; 300 mg; 3/day; 90 days)

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